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Upper Basic level

Maru Haru ga kita ... mitai 2018/December/05

it seems like Spring has come

4-ka, Nihon wa totemo atatakaku narimashita.

Tokyo no saikoo-kion wa 24-do.
Kooto o kiru to atsui node, minna kooto o nuide imashita.

Okinawa no saikoo-kion wa Nanto! 29-do.
"Haru ga kita" toiu yori "Natsu ga kita" mitai desu.

Demo, 5-ka no yoru kara kion ga sagarimasu.
6-ka no Tokyo no saikoo-kion wa 10-do gurai da soo desu.

The following audio is available to members.

Practice Each Sentence

Haru ga kita ... mitai

haru spring, kita ta form of kimasu; come, -mitai it seems, it looks

1. 4-ka, Nihon wa totemo atatakaku narimashita.

yokka 4th. of the month, totemo very
atatakaku ku form of atatakai; warm, narimasu to become, come to

2. Tokyo no saikoo-kion wa 24-do.

saikoo-kion highest temperature, saikoo the highest, maximum
kion (air) temperature, -do degrees (celsius)

3. Kooto o kiru to atsui node, minna kooto o nuide imashita.

kooto coat, kiru root form of kimasu; wear, put (clothes) on, -to when, if
atsui hot, -node because, therefore, so
minna everyone, all, nuide te form of nugimasu; take off one's clothes, undress
-te imasu expressing progressive or state

4. Okinawa no saikoo-kion wa Nanto! 29-do.

Okinawa Okinawa island, Okinawa prefecture
saikoo-kion highest temperature, saikoo the highest, maximum
kion (air) temperature, nanto expressing one's surprise; What!, How!, Why!, -do degrees (celsius)

5. "Haru ga kita" toiu yori "Natsu ga kita" mitai desu.

haru ga kita Spring has come (a sort of set phrase), natsu ga kita Summer has come
haru spring, natsu summer, kita ta form of kimasu; come
[A] toiu yori, [B] [B] rather than [A], -mitai desu it seems, it looks

6. Demo, 5-ka no yoru kara kion ga sagarimasu.

demo however, but, itsuka 5th. of the month, yoru night, -kara from
kion (air) temperature, sagarimasu to go down, fall, drop

7. 6-ka no Tokyo no saikoo-kion wa 10-do gurai da soo desu.

muika 6th. of the month, saikoo-kion highest temperature, -do degrees (celsius)
-gurai / -kurai about, approximately, da root form of desu
-soo desu reported information; I heard, he/they said

Practice the following words

Audio 1.haruspring
Audio 2.natsusummer
Audio 3.kimasu / kuruto come
Audio 4.totemovery
Audio 5.atatakaiwarm
Audio 6.narimasu / naruto become, come to
Audio 7.saikoo-kionthe highest temperature
Audio 8.saikoothe highest, maximum
Audio 9.kion(air) temperature
Audio 10.kootocoat
Audio 11.kimasu / kiruto wear, put (clothes) on
Audio 12.atsuihot
Audio 13.minnaeveryone, all
Audio 14.nugimasu / nuguto take off (clothes, shoes), undress
Audio 15.nantoexpressing one's surprise; What!, How!, Why!
Audio 16.demohowever, but
Audio 17.yorunight
Audio 18.sagarimasu / sagaruto fall, drop, go down, lower

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

kooto o kiru to atsui node
root/nai form + -to:when, if

Level 2 Chapter 15

kooto o kiru to atsui node
plain form + node:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore, so

Level 2 Chapter 3

kooto o nuide imashita
verb te form + -te imasu:expressing the progressive, a state of being or a habitual action

Level 2 Chapter 4

"Haru ga kita" toiu yori, "Natsu ga kita" mitai
[A] toiu yori [B]:[B] rather than [A]

Common Expressions & Sentences patterns File No. 006a

Haru ga kita" mitai / Natsu ga kita" mitai
mitai desu:It seems, it looks

Level 3 Chapter 4

saikoo-kion wa 10-do gurai da soo desu
plain form + soo desu:reported information; I heard, he/they said

Level 2 Chapter 11

For your further study

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