Learn Japanese through the Short News

Short News

Short article

Upper Basic level

Maru Kei-Jidoosha to Gomi-Shuushuusha Shoototsu : Kazoku 3-nin Shiboo 2019/August/18

a light car crashes into a garbage truck : a family of 3 dead

17-nichi, Saitama-ken de, Kei-Jidoosha to Gomi-Shuushuusha ga shoototsu shimashita.

Kei-Jidoosha ni wa Fuufu to seigo 6-kagetsu no akachan ga notte imashita.
Kazoku 3-nin wa nakunarimashita.

Gomi-Shuushuusha no unten-shu mo kega o shimashita.
Mokugeki-sha ni yoruto, Kei-Jidoosha ga Chuuoo-sen o koeta soo desu.

The following audio is available to members.

Practice Each Sentence

Kei-Jidoosha to Gomi-Shuushuusha Shoototsu : Kazoku 3-nin Shiboo

kei-jidoosha light car, gomi-shuushuusha garbage truck, shoototsu [sv] collide, crash, bump into, hit
kazoku family, 3-nin 3 peaple, shiboo [sv] death, die (formal)

1. 17-nichi, Saitama-ken de, Kei-Jidoosha to Gomi-Shuushuusha ga shoototsu shimashita.

juu-shichi-nichi / juu-nana-nichi 17th. of the month, Saitama-ken Saitama Prefecture, -de place marker; in, at
kei-jidoosha light car (smaller than 660 cc displacement), jidoosha car, automobile
gomi-shuushuusha garbage truck, gomi rubbish, garbage, trash, shuushuu [sv] collection, gathering, -sha car
shoototsu [sv] collide, crash, clash, bump into, run into

2. Kei-Jidoosha ni wa Fuufu to seigo 6-kagetsu no akachan ga notte imashita.

kei-jidoosha light car, fuufu married couple, husband and wife
seigo rokkagetsu 6 months old, six-month-old (literally means "6 moths after birth"), akachan baby
notte imasu to be on, be on board, notte te form of norimasu; ride, get on, go on board
-te imasu expressing progressive or state

3. Kazoku 3-nin wa nakunarimashita.

kazoku family, san-nin 3 people, nakunarimasu to die, pass away (formal)

There are 3 common words meaning "to die"; shinimasu, nakunarimasu and shiboo (shimasu).
The most common word is shinimasu in daily conversation.
nakunarimasu and shiboo are formal words.
nakunarimasu is often used for a family member, friend, co-worker or well-known person.
shiboo is normally used in news, reports or statistics.

4. Gomi-Shuushuusha no unten-shu mo kega o shimashita.

gomi-shuushuusha garbage truck, gomi rubbish, garbage, trash, shuushuu [sv] collection, gathering
unten-shu driver of a car, unten [sv] drive, operation, -mo also, too
kega o shimasu be injured, get hurt, kega injury, hurt, wound

5. Mokugeki-sha ni yoruto, Kei-Jidoosha ga Chuuoo-sen o koeta soo desu.

mokugeki-sha eyewitness, mokugeki [sv] witness, see, -sha person, people, -ni yoruto according to
kei-jidoosha light car, chuuoo-sen center line, chuuoo center, sen line, lane
koeta ta form of koemasu; go over, pass, -soo desu reported information; I heard, he/they said

Practice the following words

Audio 1.kei-jidoosha

light car (smaller than 660 cc displacement)

Audio 2.jidooshacar, automobile
Audio 3.gomi-shuushuushagarbage truck
Audio 4.gomirubbish, garbage, trash, litter
Audio 5.shuushuu[sv] collection, gathering
Audio 6.shoototsu

[sv] collide, crash, clash, bump into, run into

Audio 7.fuufumarried couple, husband and wife
Audio 8.seigoafter birth
Audio 9.akachanbaby
Audio 10.notte imasuto be on, be on board
Audio 11.norimasu / noruto ride, get on, go on board
Audio 12.kazokufamily
Audio 13.shiboo[sv] death, die (formal)
Audio 14.nakunarimasu / nakunaru

to die, pass away (formal)

Audio 15.shinimasu / shinu

to die (general)

Audio 16.unten-shudriver of a car
Audio 17.unten[sv] drive, operation
Audio 18.kegainjury, hurt, wound
Audio 19.mokugeki-shaeyewitness
Audio 20.chuuoo-sencenter line
Audio 21.chuuoocenter
Audio 22.senline, lane
Audio 23.koemasu / koeruto exceed, go over, pass

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

fuufu to akachan ga notte imashita
verb te form + -te imasu:expressing the progressive, a state of being or a habitual action

Level 2 Chapter 4

chuuoo-sen o koeta soo desu
plain form + soo desu:reported information; I heard, he/they said

Level 2 Chapter 11

For your further study

Copyright (C)CosCom Language Service, Inc.All Rights Reserved.