Enlarge your Vocabulary

Short Quizzes

For Upper Beginners and Intermediate learners

2019/March/09

kaji

 
 
washing housework cleaning
cleaning cooking
cooking washing
tableware vacuum cleaner cooking
to take charge of to put away to share
 

kaji

sooji

sentaku

ryoori

katazukeru

1

housework

[sv] cleaning (room, garden, etc.)

[sv] washing (clothes), laundry

[sv] cooking, food, dish, cuisine

to clear, put away, put back, put in order

('kaji_housework.mp3')

('sooji.mp3')

('sentaku.mp3')

('ryoori.mp3')

('katazukeru.mp3')

2

1

2

3

2

Example sentences

1. Saikin, Nihon no otoko mo kaji o suru yoo ni narimashita.
Demo, madamada (kaji o suru otoko yori,) kaji o shinai otoko no hoo ga ooi desu.

saikin recently, lately, these days, otoko man, -mo also, too
kaji housework, -yoo ni narimasu expressing a change of state or condition; come to do, become
demo however, but, madamada still, shinai nai form of shimasu
[A] yori, [B] no hoo ga comparative pattern; [B] is more/less than [A], ooi many, a lot

2. Shujin ga kaji o tetsudatte kureru kara, (watashi wa) tasukarimasu.

shujin (speaker's) husband, tetsudatte te form of tetsudaimasu; help, assist
-te kureru someone does something for me, -kara because, therefore, so
tasukarimasu to be saved, be rescued / be helpful

3. Sooji-ki de heya o sooji shimasu.

sooji-ki vacuum cleaner, -ki machine, appliance, instrument, -de means or method marker; by, with
heya room, sooji [sv] clean (room, garden, etc.)

4. Hooki de niwa o sooji shimasu.

hooki broom, -de means or method marker; by, with
niwa garden, yard

5. Okyakusan ga kuru kara, heya o sooji shite..., toire mo sooji shiyoo.

okyakusan customer, client, guest, visitor, kuru root form of kimasu; come, -kara because, therefore, so
heya room, shite te form of shimasu, toire toilet, bathroom, -mo also, too
shiyoo volitional form of shimasu; let's do

6. Tsukue no ue o katazukemasu.

tsukue desk, -no ue on, top
katazukemasu to clear, put away, put back, put in order

The following audio is available to members

7. Shokuji no ato de, shokki o katazukemasu.

shokuji [sv] meal, -no ato de after
shokki tableware, the dishes

8. Heya ga chirakatte iru.
Fuku o katazukete, kodomo no omocha o katazukete ...
Tsuide ni (soojiki de heya o) sooji shiyoo.

heya room, chirakatte iru be scattered, be littered with, be in a mess, be in disorder
chirakatte te form of chirakarimasu, -te iru expressing progressive or state
fuku clothes, suit, dress, kodomo child, children, omocha toy
katazukete te form of katazukemasu; clear, put away, put back, put in order
tsuide ni on this opportunity, this occasion, incidentally
sooji-ki vacuum cleaner, -de means or method marker; by, with
shiyoo volitional form of shimasu; let's do

chirakatte iru can be used in the following structures;
a. [place] ga chirakatte iru
b. [place] ga [something] de chirakatte iru
c. [place] ni [something] ga chirakatte iru
(B) and (C) are the same meaning.

9. Heijitsu wa kaeri ga osoi kara, do-yoobi sooji to sentaku o shimasu.

heijitsu weekday, kaeri ga osoi be late home back, be late in coming back (set phrase)
kaeri coming back, going home, the return (comes from kaerimasu "return")
osoi late, -kara because, therefore, so, do-yoobi Saturday, sentaku [sv] washing (clothes), laundry

10. Sentaku-mono ga tamatta kara, sentaku o shi-tai kedo, sentaku-ki ga kowareta.

sentaku-mono laundry, washing (clothes to wash), mono thing
sentaku mono ga tamarimasu have a lot of laundry piling up
tamatta ta form of tamarimasu; be accumulated, be piled up, -kara from
shi-tai want to do, -tai desu (stem +) want to do, would like to do, -kedo but
sentaku-ki washing machine (normally pronounced as Sentakki), -ki machine, appliance, instrument
kowareta ta form of kowaremasu; break

11. Watashi wa ryoori wa suki da kedo, sooji to sentaku wa kirai desu.

ryoori [sv] cooking, food, dish, cuisine, suki [na] like
da root form of desu, -kedo but

12. Kazoku de kaji o buntan suru koto ni shimashita.
Watashi wa ryoori no tantoo.
Shujin wa sooji no tantoo.
Sentaku wa musume no tantoo desu.

kazoku family, -de means or method marker; by, with
kaji housework, buntan [sv] share, divide (expenses, work)
-koto ni shimasu expressing a decision made by a subject; (we) decided that
tantoo [sv] be in charge, be involved, be responsible, shujin husband, musume daughter

tantoo can be used in the following structures;
1a. [person] wa [work] o tantoo shimasu
1b. [work] wa [person] ga tantoo shimasu

2a. [person] wa [work] no tantoo desu
2b. [work] wa [person] no tantoo desu

Quizzes

A. Choose the appropriate word.

a.kaji b.sooji shimasu c.sentaku d.katazukemasu e.ryoori

1.
Shokuji no ato de, shokki o

katazukemasu

.
2.
O-furo to toire o

sooji shimasu

.
3.
Shujin wa

ryoori

ga joozu desu. Yoku karee o tsukurimasu.
4.
Kazoku de

kaji

o buntan shimasu.
5.
Yoofuku o

sentaku

shimasu.

shokuji [sv] meal, -no ato de after, shokki tableware, the dishes
o-furo bath, bath room, toire toilet, bathroom
shujin (speaker's) husband, joozu [na] be good at, skillful
yoku often, frequently, karee curry, curry rice, tsukurimasu to make, cook
kazoku family, buntan [sv] share, divide (expenses, work)
yoofuku clothes, suit, dress (literally means "Western clothes")

B. Complete the following dialogue.

1. A : Shuumatsu nani o shimashita ka?
B :

Sentaku-mono

ga

tamatte

ita kara, sentaku o shimashita.
sentaku-ki sentaku-mono tamatta tamatte

shuumatsu weekend, sentaku [sv] washing (clothes), laundry
sentaku-ki washing machine, sentaku-mono laundry, washing (clothes to wash)
tamatte ta form of tamarimasu; be accumulated, be piled up
-te ita ta form of -te imasu; expressing progressive or state, -kara because, therefore, so

2. A : Go-shujin wa kaji o tetsudatte kuremasu ka?
B :
Ee. Watashi wa ryoori to sentaku.

Sooji

wa shujin no

tantoo

desu.
A :
Ii desu ne. Uchi no shujin wa zenzen

kaji

o shinai-n desu.
buntan tantoo sooji kaji

go-shujin your husband, somebody else's husband, shujin (speaker's) husband, kaji housework
tetsudatte te form of tetsudaimasu; help, -te kuremasu someone does something for me/you
buntan [sv] share, divide (expenses, work), tantoo [sv] be in charge, be involved, be responsible
ryoori [sv] cooking, food, dish, cuisine, sentaku [sv] washing (clothes), laundry
sooji [sv] cleaning (room, garden, etc.), ii desu ne that's nice, sounds good
uchi no shujin my husband, uchi house, home / our side (group, company, family, etc.)
zenzen (+ negative) not at all, never, shinai nai form of shimasu
-n desu expressing emotional emphasis (here, showing regret)

Practice the following words

Audio 1.kajihousework
Audio 2.sooji[sv] cleaning (room, garden, etc.)
Audio 3.sooji-kivacuum cleaner
Audio 4.sentaku[sv] washing (clothes), laundry
Audio 5.sentaku-ki / sentakkiwashing machine
Audio 6.sentaku-mono

laundry, washing (clothes to wash)

Audio 7.ryoori[sv] cooking, food, dish, cuisine
Audio 8.katazukemasu / katazukeru

to clear, put away, put back, put in order

Audio 9.saikinrecently, lately, these days
Audio 10.otokoman
Audio 11.madamadastill
Audio 12.ooimany, a lot
Audio 13.shujin(speaker's) husband
Audio 14.go-shujinsomebody else's husband
Audio 15.tetsudaimasu / tetsudauto help, assist
Audio 16.tasukarimasu / tasukaru

to be saved, be rescued / to be helpful

Audio 17.heyaroom
Audio 18.niwagarden, yard
Audio 19.hookibroom
Audio 20.toiretoilet, bathroom
Audio 21.okyakusancustomer, client, guest, visitor
Audio 22.kimasu / kuruto come
Audio 23.tsukuedesk
Audio 24.ueon, top
Audio 25.shokuji[sv] meal, have a meal
Audio 26.shokkitableware, the dishes
Audio 27.fukuclothes, suit, dress
Audio 28.yoofukuclothes, suit, dress, (Western clothes)
Audio 29.kodomochild, children
Audio 30.omochatoy
Audio 31.chirakarimasu / chirakaru

to be scattered, be littered with, be in a mess, be in disorder

Audio 32.tsuide ni

on this opportunity, this occasion, incidentally

Audio 33.heijitsuweekday
Audio 34.kaeri ga osoi

be late home back, be late in coming back (set phrase)

Audio 35.kaerithe return, coming back
Audio 36.kaerimasu / kaeruto return, go back, go home
Audio 37.osoislow / late
Audio 38.do-yoobiSaturday
Audio 39.tamarimasu / tamaruto be accumulated, be piled up
Audio 40.kowaremasu / kowareruto break
Audio 41.suki[na] like
Audio 42.kirai[na] dislike
Audio 43.kazokufamily
Audio 44.buntan[sv] share, divide (expenses, work)
Audio 45.tantoo

[sv] be in charge, be involved, be responsible

Audio 46.musumedaughter
Audio 47.o-furo / furobath, bath room
Audio 48.joozu[na] be good at, skillful
Audio 49.yokuoften, frequently
Audio 50.kareecurry, curry rice
Audio 51.tsukurimasu / tsukuruto make, cook
Audio 52.shuumatsuweekend

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

Nihon no otoko mo kaji o suru yoo ni narimashita
yoo ni narimasu:expressing a change; come to do, become able to do

Level 3 Chapter 5

kaji o suru otoko yori, shinai otoko no hoo ga ooi desu
-yori, -no hoo ga:comparison - more than / less than

Level 1 Chapter 13

shujin ga kaji o tetsudatte kureru kara,
verb te form + -te kuremasu:someone does something for me with kindness

Level 2 Chapter 17

shujin ga kaji o tetsudatte kureru kara, / okyakusan ga kuru kara / heijitsu wa kaeri ga osoi kara /
sentaku-mono ga tamatta kara

plain form + kara:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore, so

Level 2 Chapter 3

heya o sooji shite, toire mo sooji shiyoo / mazu omocha o katazukete
te form -te / -kute / -de:used as a conjunction "and"

Level 2 Chapter 6

heya o sooji shite, toire mo sooji shiyoo
-yoo, -oo:verb volitional form "Let's do"

Level 2 Chapter 18

shokuji no ato de
verb ta form + ato de:after doing, after something

Level 2 Chapter 10

sentaku o shi-tai kedo
verb stem + tai:want to do, would like to do

Level 1 Chapter 11

kazoku de kaji o buntan suru koto ni shimashita
verb root form + -koto ni shimasu:expressing a decision made by a subject

Level 3 Chapter 3

Kako mono (the past quizzes "things in the past")

2019/March/09kaji, sooji, sentaku, ryoori, katazukeru

2019/February/11harau, shiharai, genkin, kaado, ginkoo furikomi, daibiki

2019/January/26Ginza-sen, 3-bansen, hoomu, -iki / -yuki, kaisatsu

2019/January/05basu-noriba, basu-tei, nan-ban no basu, rosen-basu, kankoo-basu

2018/December/12kookuu-gaisha, kookuu-ken, unchin, yoyaku, chokkoo-bin, deru

2018/November/24iriguchi, genkan, kagi, yane, okujoo

2018/November/03seikatsu-hi, yachin, shoku-hi, denki-dai, kozukai

2018/October/13tochi, hirosa, jimen, chika, riku

2018/September/24heya, daidokoro, mado, kabe, kagu

2018/September/08hiyoo, keisan, gookei, dentaku, zenbu de

For your further study

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